Identify the fungi in the air of the Sulaimani city of and their relationship to the allergies. Fungi are essential components of ecosystems and widely distributed in nature. Fungal spore may be easily dispersed into indoor environments associated with a number of adverse health effect. This study was designed to investigate airborne fungi and their relation toallergic disease in Sulaimani city.
The airborne fungi were isolated by settle plate method in different areas of Sulaimani city during two seasons; (Autumn October 2014) and (Spring April 2015), in which Sabouraud dextrose agar, containing plates chloramphenicole were opened and exposed to air for 1 hour. Standard fungal allergens of Alternaria, Cladosporium, Penicillium and Aspergillus were used in skin prick test for individuals consulted health center of asthma and allergy in Sulaimani city suffering from symptom allergy their ages ranged between (1-59) years old. Total IgE concentration and percentage eosinophiles were measured in patients whose skin prick tests were positive to at least one of allergens under study, and in control person.
These results were obtained from current study: a total of 24.09 × 102 CFU belonging to twenty genera with a group of yeasts and twenty four species, and the percentage of most predominant isolated fungi from the environment at different locations of Sulaimani city were Penicillium spp. 28.1%, Aspergillus spp. 20.25%, yeast 13.33%, Cladosporium spp.12.1%, and Alternaria spp. 6.72%. The highest number of fungi was isolated during spring 14.92 × 102 CFU compared to 9.17 × 102 CFU in autumn, A.niger and A.flavus were the predominant species of Aspergillus isolated, while the most common Penicillium species were P. chrysogenum and P. spinulosum.
The highest number of fungi were isolated from dietary factories 6.37 × 102 CFU followed by
houses 4.71 × 102, factories 4.21 × 102 CFU, dormitories 3.96 × 102, schools 3.32 × 102, and hospitals 1.52 × 102.