LIVING WITH IT WORKING WITH IT TREATING IT
First Prototaxite identified
Millions of years prior to the production of hallucinogenic drugs, prehistoric dinosaurs munched on an ancient fungus that had psychedelic effects.
Detail and brief description of taxonomy of Fungi
The numerous examples of 'drug' use in prehistory suggests that they may have played an important role in our imaginative development. For example, we now know that the flowers associated with Neanderthal burials had psychoactive properties (Leroi-Gouriian 1984)
The question is not whether drugs were used in prehistory, but rather - to what extent and what for. Prehistoric rock-art and shamanic imagery suggest that humans have been using mind altering substances for thousands of years. It is even suggested that they may have played an evolutionary role in our mental development.
In the ancient times, man had to face not only the opposing forces of nature, wild animals and
poisonous organisms, but also diseases, misfortunes that seemed to arise from nowhere.
Thousands of years passed before the man began to acquire knowledge concerning the nature,
treatment, and prevention of the infectious diseases. Our early progenitors found it natural to
attribute the responsibility of the epidemics that they could not rule to a divine will that had
to be satisfied with prayers, rites and sacrifices. The difficulties of a rational approach to the
understanding of the etiology of infections is well reflected by the lack of any reference
known before the Hindu, Greek and Roman civilizations, when the related diseases were
described, however, exclusively on the basis of signs, symptoms and treatments [Ajello,