All kinds of microbes, including Aspergillus can contribute actively to geological phenomena, and central to many such geomicrobial processes are transformations of metals and minerals.
Microbes have a variety of properties that can effect changes in metal speciation, toxicity and mobility, as well as mineral formation or mineral dissolution or deterioration. Such mechanisms are important components of natural biogeochemical cycles for metals as well as associated elements in biomass, soil, rocks and minerals, e.g. sulfur and phosphorus, and metalloids, actinides and metal radionuclides.
Apart from being important in natural biosphere processes, metal and mineral transformations can have beneficial or detrimental consequences in a human context. Bioremediation is the application of biological systems to the clean-up of organic and inorganic pollution, with bacteria and fungi being the most important organisms for reclamation, immobilization or detoxification of metallic and radionuclide pollutants.
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|Biohydrometallurgy for Nonsulfidic Minerals: A Review|
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|Geomicrobiology of Eukaryotic Microorganisms|
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|Isabella Grishkan, Eviatar Nevo, Solomon P Wasser||Micromycetes from the Saline Arubotaim Cave: Mount Sedom, The Dead Sea Southwestern Shore, Israel|
|Sergio Ãlvarez-PÃ©rez, JosÃ© L. Blanco, Patricia Alba, Marta E. GarcÃa||Fungal growth in culture media simulating an extreme environment|
|Pandya, U and Saraf, M||Application of Fungi as a Biocontrol Agent and their Biofertilizer Potential in Agriculture|
|Euan P. Burford, Stephen Hillier & Geoffrey M. Gadd||Biomineralization of Fungal Hyphae with Calcite (CaCO3) and Calcium Oxalate Mono- and Dihydrate in Carboniferous Limestone Microcosms|