An ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the therapeutic drug monitoring of isavuconazole and seven other antifungal compounds in plasma samples.

Author: 

Toussaint B, Lanternier F, Woloch C, Fournier D, Launay M, Billaud E, Dannaoui E, Lortholary O, Jullien V
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2017 Mar 1;1046:26-33

Abstract: 

A new analytical method was developed for the routine Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of 8 antifungals compounds in 50μL of plasma: isavuconazole (ISZ), voriconazole (VRZ), posaconazole (PSZ), fluconazole (FCZ), caspofungin (CSF), flucytosine (5FC), itraconazole (ITZ) and its metabolite OH-itraconazole (OH-ITZ). After adding 50μL of the internal standard, which consisted in a mixture of the deuterated isotopes of the quantified compounds, the sample treatment consisted in a simple protein precipitation with 400μL of acetonitrile. Five microliters of the supernatant were directly injected into the chromatographic system. The chromatographic separation was performed with a Waters C18-BEH column and a mobile phase consisting in a mixture of water and acetonitrile, both containing 0.1% of formic acid. The total run time was 3min and the detection of the analytes was performed by electrospray ionization in a positive mode using selected reaction monitoring. Intra and inter-day precision and inaccuracy were <15% over the calibration ranges that were determined according to their clinical relevance: 0.20-20.0mg/L for ISZ, VRZ, PSZ, ITZ, and OH-ITZ; 0.50-50.0mg/L for FCZ and CSF; 2.00-200mg/L for 5FC. This simple and fast method was found suitable for routine therapeutic drug monitoring.

doi: 

10.1016/j.jchromb.2017.01.036