Tiredness in a patient treated with itraconazole


Nalla P, Dacruz TA, Obuobie K.
BMJ. 2017 Jan 26;356:i6819


A 72 year old woman with allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and asthma presented to the emergency department with a two week history of increasing tiredness and shortness of breath. She had no headache, visual disturbance, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, or collapse. Her medication included Seretide 250 Evohaler (fluticasone 250 µg and salmeterol 25 µg) one puff twice daily for four years and inhaled Salbutamol. She had been treated with itraconazole 200 mg daily for two years, after unsuccessful attempts to stop this medication due to recurrence of the disease. She had never required treatment with oral corticosteroids. There was no family history of autoimmune disorders. Observations were stable on admission, specifically no postural hypotension. General physical examination was unremarkable. There was no hyperpigmentation, visual field defects, or clinical features of Cushing’s syndrome. Full blood count, serum glucose, renal, and liver function tests were within normal limits. Random serum cortisol (1300 hours) was 4 nmol/L (9 am cortisol range, 138-635). Pituitary profile tests including TSH, FSH, LH, prolactin, and IGF-1 were within normal limits for the patient’s age. Adrenocorticotrophic hormone was less than 10 ng/L (7-51) and adrenal autoantibodies were negative. Chest radiograph and magnetic resonance imaging of pituitary showed no abnormal findings