Aspergillus, Plant pathology

Most viewed Flickr photos from the gallery Aspergillus:Plant pathology & foods curated by Graham Atherton

Thu, 09/13/2012 - 09:45 - This week's winner in our photo competition for CIMMYT staff and friends is George Mahuku, CIMMYT maize pathologist. Taken in Colombia, this simple, clear image shows maize infected with the fungus Aspergillus flavus. Several species of Aspergillus can affect maize, causing Aspergillus ear rot and producing toxins known as aflatoxins that are harmful to birds and mammals, including humans, contaminating the maize grain.

For more information on on Aspergillus ear rot, see CIMMYT's Wheat Doctor: maizedoctor.cimmyt.org/index.php?option=com_content&t...; rel='nofollow.

Photo credit: G. Mahuku/CIMMYT.Weekly photo competition winner, 19 October 2012: Aspergillus flavus on maize
Sun, 09/16/2012 - 20:52 - a fermented mixture of koji (rice innoculated with the special, safe mold Aspergillus oryzae), shio (salt), and water, used as a flavor enhancer for vegetables, fish, and meat in place of salt. The mold converts proteins into enzymes, including glutamic acid, which is the enzyme responsible for umami. The koji also converts starches into sugar. It takes about a week for the mixture to fully ferment. Then it can be kept in the refrigerator.Making shio koji
Wed, 09/01/2004 - 14:09 - Colección de Hongos IColección de Hongos I
Tue, 08/10/2004 - 12:31 - Colección de Hongos VIIColección de Hongos VII
Sun, 09/21/2003 - 10:48 - U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) plant pathologist Hamed Abbas applies the nontoxigenic Aspergillus flavus formulated in bioplastic granules to knee-high corn on Sept. 21, 2003. USDA photo by Peggy Greb.Flickr Tue, 08/10/2004 - 12:51 - Colección de Hongos IVColección de Hongos IV
Fri, 11/13/2009 - 04:11 - Aspergillus flavus fungus on corn, which can make aflatoxin. (Texas A&M AgriLife Research photo by Dr. Seth Murray)Aspergillus flavus fungus on corn - aflatoxin - Murray took
Thu, 03/29/2007 - 12:19 - FWIW, 'rice wine' is a misnomer because sake is brewed, not fermented. (See Wikipedia for the details.)

• 清酒(seishu) = 'refined sake'
• 松竹梅(Shōchikubai) = lit. 'pine, bamboo, and plum'
• 酵母(kōbo) = '[budding] yeast' (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
• 麹(kōji) = 'mold' (Aspergillus oryzae)
• 蔵人(kurōdo) = 'storage worker'
• 伝統(dentō) = 'tradition'
• 技(waza) = 'skill, technique'
→ Wikipedia: sake#1870 sake pack
Mon, 06/16/2008 - 13:54 - Aspergillus naturally infected groundnuts in Mozambique. (file name: Picture 080)Aspergillus naturally infected groundnuts
Sat, 07/25/2009 - 07:34 - Maize cob colonized by Aspergillus species, aflatoxin in Senegal.Maize cob colonized by Aspergillus species
Tue, 02/12/2013 - 11:29 - Euphorbia milii (Crown of thorns, Christ plant, Christ thorn, Spurge) is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family Euphorbiaciae, native to Madagascar. 

Linnaeus established the genus Euphorbia and he named it after a Greek surgeon called Euphorbus. He was the physician of Juba II, about 50 BC to 19 AD, the Roman king of a of Numidia, present day Algeria.  The second part of the name -- Milii -- honours Baron Milius, a governor of the Island of Bourbon, who initially cultivated the Crown of Thorns plant in France around 1821.


Popular use in South Brazil as 'dragon's blood,' the red latex from Christ's crown Euphorbia milli (Euphorbiaceae) as a treatment for warts. 

 In Chinese folk medicine, euphorbia compounds were used in cancer treatment.

Research has shown:-

• Antibacterial: In a study of 41 plants tested against E coli, Shigella spp, and Vibrios spp among others, Euphorbia milli was one of 28 that showed antibacterial activity.
• Aspergillus Inhibition: Dry flower powder of Euphorbia milli was found to have 100% total inhibition on aflatoxin-producing fungi on agar-medium. The effect may be due to the interference of the simple phenols and phenolic acids, quinones, flavones, flavonoids and flavanols, possibly at the biosynthetic level. This may find application in the elimination or control of aflatoxin contamination of foodstuffs, as well as controlling aspergillosis, a large spectrum of disease caused by members of genus Aspergillus.
• Mollusicidal / Non-Teratogenic: Study of the embryofeto-toxicity of Crown-of-Thorns (Euphorbia milii) latex, a natural molluscicide: The study is a comprehensive safety evaluation of the embryotoxic potenial of E. milli. The crude latex of Euphorbia milli is a potent plant molluscicide and a promising alternative to synthetic moluscicides used in schistosomiasis control. The study concludes that the plant molluscicide poses no teratogenic hazard.




crown of thorns
Thu, 06/21/2007 - 11:30 - Aspergillus colonized maize with different severities. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_PD_022).Aspergillus colonized maize cobs
Sat, 01/01/1825 - 00:00 - Title: Better fruit
Identifier: betterfruit11wash
Year:  (s)
Authors: Washington State Apple Commission
Subjects: Fruit-culture
Publisher: Hood River, Ore. , Better Fruit Pub. Co
Contributing Library: New York Botanical Garden, LuEsther T. Mertz Library
Digitizing Sponsor: The LuEsther T Mertz Library, the New York Botanical Garden


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1917 BETTER FRUIT Page 25 Frost Alarms Frost is never unexpected to users of the Weiss Frost Alarm Warns without fail. Shipped complete, ready for use; can be installed in fifteen minutes. Alarm box and thermometer need only to be hung in their selected places. Price, prepaid, $15.00 PAUL WEISS, Optician 1620 Arapahoe St., Denver, Col. Anjou and Bartlett Pears and Cherries An extra fine stock of these, both one and two years, besides a general line of other nursery stock. Prices most reasonable. Let us quote you on your list. CHRISTOPHER NURSERIES Christopher, Washington For Sale or Trade 80-acre farm, 50 acres fine 8-year-old orchard- commercial apples, some pears and cherries. Near Eugene on Pacific Highway. $10,000.00 in cash or clear property will handle it. A bar- gain. Might rent to right party. L. R. R., Box 250, St. Helens, Oregon. PORTUIND WHOLESALE NURSERY COMPANY Roomg 6 & 7, 122H Grand Ave., Portland, Oreffon 'Wholesalers of ffursery Stock and Nursery SuppUcs A very complete line of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Etc. 8PECIAXTIE8 Clean Coast Orown Seedlings Oreffon Champion Gooseberries and Write Now^ Perfection Currants W^rlte Now Things We Are Agents for KNOX HATS ALFRED BENJAMIN & CO.'S CLOTHING DR. JAEGER UNDERWEAR DR. DEIMEL LINEN MESH UNDERWEAR DENT'S AND FOWNES' GLOVES Buffum & Pendleton 311 Morrison Street PORTLAND, OREGON ^LERCO SlMpCiON ^ ^ BANKBLDO. «« irOV PORTLA\D,OREOON. A treatment for ptomain poisoning is one tablespoonful of castor oil and one- fifth-grain doses of sulphate of strych- nine, the latter to be given every four to six hours until the fowl is relieved. There will be few sick fowls when conditions are correct. Scaly leg can be successfully treated with lard and kerosene. The formula is a tablespoon- ful of kerosene to a half teacup of lard. Two or three applications will usually clean the legs. Aspergillosis is a dis- ease caused by feeding mouldy grains or feeding in mouldy straw used as litter. The only remedy is to remove the cause. There is no treatment for the disease. Bumble foot is a swelling of the feet which develops bunions on the bottom of the feet. The cause is jumping from high perches. There is always danger of contagious diseases, such as roup, cholera, chicken- pox and catarrh. The danger is greatly reduced when fowls are in proper physical condition. Thrifty fowls are almost immune from diseases. Diseases are in all cases more easily prevented than cured. Closer Commercial Relation An exchange of professors between the School of Commerce of the Univer- sity of Oregon and some one of the universities of South America is the plan of H. B. Miller, director of the department of commercial and indus- trial survey. The plan is intended to bring about a closer commercial rela- tion between Oregon and South Ameri- can countries through the medium of education. It will be presented to the university regents by. Professor P. L. Campbell. 'Ignorance always means prejudice and lost opportunities. Knowledge is the beginning of trade as well as of friendship,' is the way President Campbell puts it, realizing that one of the duties of the School of Commerce is to further the prosperity of the state in every way that is within the province of an educational institu- tion of this kind. The intention is that the man who will come here from South America shall be conversant with the commer- cial trade and possibilities of trade and the natural resources and manufac- tured products of his part of the world, with special reference to the demands of the Pacific Northwest, and particu- larly of Oregon, and that he shall in- struct the students of the School of Commerce along lines of commercial development of the relations between Oregon and South America. In addi- tion, he will teach business Spanish, the more or less technical phraseology of trade and trading. Conversely, the man who will go from the School of Commerce of the University of Oregon will have made a detailed study of all those products of Oregon for which a South American trade can be developed. This knowledge he will transmit to the university to which he is credited, as well as teach commercial English there. The School of Commerce believes this exchange of instructors to be one of the most practical and eHicient methods of developing commercial relations with TRUE-TO-NANE Free From Pests That's what you want when you plant fruit trees. That's what you get when you order the O.&F.Unxld Brand Get our prices before planting this spring. Largest stock in the Northwest. All grown on virgin soil. Everything in fruit trees and a full line of Flowering Shrubs Roses, Shade and Ornamental Trees Ornamental and Fruit Nursery Co. Box 217 K WAPATO, WASH. Catalog will be mailed free upon requeet. K. C. DUSTERS Have Gotten Results for 15 Years

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Ideal Dusting Outfit. 60 Acres a Day. The Method is Right K. C. Dusters are Right The Prices are Right Send for 1917 Catalog and full information to the Dust Sprayer Mfg. Co. 1417 St. Louis Ave. Kansas City, Mo. other countries. The man sent from the School of Commerce to South Amer- ica first will go on a trip throughout the state to make a detailed study of the lumber, paper, box-making and fur- niture factories, fruit canneries and dryers, flour mills, meat packing plants and other of the leading industries, that he may be prepared to call the atten- tion of the importers and business men of the South American states to Oregon trade possibilities. He also will be in- structed to study the products of the South American state to which he goes, especially those that may be imported WHEN WRITING ADVERTISERS MENTION BETTER FRUIT


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Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.Image from page 288 of "Better fruit"
Thu, 06/21/2007 - 11:38 - White maize cobs with different severities of Aspergillus colonization. Photo by IITA. (file name: AFLA_014)White maize cobs colonized with Aspergillus
Fri, 06/03/2011 - 13:48 - White maize cob colonized with Aspergillus. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_PD_005). ONLY low res file available.Maize cob colonized with Aspergillus
Wed, 05/25/2011 - 16:56 - Hyphal network of Aspergillus in the seedcoat of sorhum grain used for biocontrol formulation. Photo by IITA. (file name:AFLA_003).Aspergillus in sorghum seedcoat
Sun, 10/23/2011 - 13:22 - Maize grains colonized by Aspergillus species.Maize grains colonized by Aspergillus species
Sat, 07/25/2009 - 07:39 - Aspergillus on cracked maize.Aspergillus on cracked maize.
Wed, 05/25/2011 - 16:42 - Aspergillus (left) and Fusarium (right) colonized maize. Photo by IITA. (file name AFLA_002). ONLY low res available.Flickr Thu, 06/21/2007 - 11:48 - Fusarium (top) and Aspergillus (bottom) colonized maize cobs. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_PD_020).Fusarium and Aspergillus colonized maize
Thu, 06/21/2007 - 11:47 - Fusarium (top) and Aspergillus (bottom) colonized maize cobs. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_PD_019).Fusarium and Aspergillus colonized maize
Tue, 11/24/2009 - 16:01 - Colonized (left) and clean (right) groundnut grains by Aspergillus. Photo by IITA. (file name: AFLA_007).Colonized and clean groundnut grains
Sat, 10/29/2011 - 11:34 - Groundnut colonized by Aspergillus species in the shell. Photo by Joseph Atehnkeng/IITAGroundnut colonized by Aspergillus species
Fri, 06/03/2011 - 13:49 - Fusarium (top) and Aspergillus (bottom) colonized maize cobs. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_PD_010). ONLY low res file available.Fusarium and Aspergillus colonized maize
Tue, 05/31/2011 - 14:56 - Aspergillus colonized maize cob. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_004). ONLY low res file available.Aspergillus colonized maize
Thu, 06/21/2007 - 11:38 - White maize cobs with different severities of Aspergillus colonization. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_PD_011). White maize cobs colonized with Aspergillus
Mon, 04/20/2009 - 16:49 - Aspergillus colonized maize cob. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_PD_013).Aspergillus colonized maize
Mon, 04/20/2009 - 16:49 - Aspergillus colonized maize cob. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_PD_014).Aspergillus colonized maize
Sun, 09/02/2012 - 20:01 - We have been working towards some more difficult ferments like Sake, Miso, Amazaki and Tamari. The first step for all of these ferments is to make koji with involves the use of a mold called Aspergillus oryzae. Koji takes 36-48 hours at roughly 88F to produce ideal mold growth. I let this batch go too far so that I could collect, dry and grind the spores for future koji innoculations.Koji Sporulation
Mon, 04/20/2009 - 16:55 - Aspergillus colonized maize grains. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_PD_015).Aspergillus colonized maize
Mon, 03/12/2012 - 16:05 - White maize cobs with different severities of Aspergillus colonization. Photo by IITA. (file name: MA_PD_009).Flickr Sun, 08/30/2015 - 20:11 - Ice cubes with contaminants, thought to be mould speckles - Genus Aspergillus?Ice cubes
Mon, 08/03/2009 - 17:03 - Boxes of Aflasafe. Photo by IITA. (file name: AFLA_005).Boxes of Aflasafe
Mon, 11/24/2014 - 14:35 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Rice Koji
Mon, 11/24/2014 - 14:25 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Rice Koji
Mon, 11/24/2014 - 14:31 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Rice Koji
Tue, 11/10/2009 - 02:01 - Moldy Raspberries.Moldy Raspberries.
Sat, 08/29/2015 - 13:57 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Flickr Fri, 01/01/1904 - 00:00 - Identifier: handbookofmeatin00osteuoft
Title: Handbook of meat inspection
Year: 1904 (1900s)
Authors:  Ostertag, Robert von, 1864-1940
Subjects:  Cattle Meat inspection
Publisher:  London : Baillière, Tindall and Cox
Contributing Library:  Gerstein - University of Toronto
Digitizing Sponsor:  University of Toronto


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Pneumonomycosis of cattle (after Röckl).A, Center of a pulmonary tubercle wilh fungous mycelia; B, isolated hyphae. mycelium is observed in the tubercles, caused by aspergillus. Onthe borders of the tubercles, however, relatively short hyphae areobserved Ijing closely together like sheaves radially arranged. Avery characteristic structure, not unlike an aster, is thus produced(Fig. 79). Aspergillosis may also be readily distinguished frompleuro-pneumonia, to which it has a great similarity, by microscopiciuvestigation. In the case described by B-öckl, the lungs were in part iufestedwith tubercles of the size of hemp seed and in part exhibited theSymptoms of extensive hepatization. The hepatized areas were \ RESPIRATORY APPARATÜ8 327 conspicuons for their marblecl appearauce. Furthermore, ulcerswero fouuil on tbe bronchial mucons uietubraue and stratifiedthroiubi in tbe regiou of tbe bepatized portion, The cases observed by Lucet ran a course with Symptoms ofsepticemia, with beraorr


Note About Images
Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.Flickr Sat, 08/29/2015 - 14:29 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Shiro Miso, blended
Mon, 11/24/2014 - 14:42 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Flickr Wed, 10/26/2011 - 10:22 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Dehydrated Miso - Miso Powder
Sat, 11/15/2014 - 12:22 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Barley Koji
Wed, 12/04/2013 - 19:00 - Aspergillus mold growing on hummus.  600xMold
Wed, 10/26/2011 - 10:21 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Dehydrated Miso - Miso Powder
Sat, 11/15/2014 - 12:16 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Barley Koji
Sat, 11/15/2014 - 12:06 - Check out FoodCraftLab for more tasty information.Barley Koji
Thu, 07/02/2015 - 16:19 - Title: Annual report of the Maine Agricultural Experiment Station
Identifier: annualreportofma1911main
Year: 1885-1953. (1880s)
Authors: Maine Agricultural Experiment Station
Subjects: Agriculture; Agriculture
Publisher: [Orono, Me. : Maine State College]
Contributing Library: American Museum of Natural History Library
Digitizing Sponsor: American Museum of Natural History Library


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I06 POULTRY DISEASES AND THEIR TREATMENT. / /

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\ \ A Fig. 22. Aspergillus fiimiguuis Gicatly enlarged. (After Mohler and Buckley). These moulds and their spores occur on dead organic material like straw, grain, etc. They are inhaled in breathing or SAval- lowed with the food. This being the case the importance of avoiding musty litter, and mouldy or musty grain of all kinds is apparent. As with most other diseases the resistance of the individual against infection is here an important matter. Some fowls will be able to stand musty litter and grain without any harm, while others will promptly develop aspergillosis. When once present in a flock aspergillosis is probably transmitted from generation to generation through the eggs. Treatment. The disease is prevented by having clean, dry, well ventilated houses and avoiding the use of mouldy litter or grain. Vigorous birds under sanitary conditions are fairly re-


Note About Images
Please note that these images are extracted from scanned page images that may have been digitally enhanced for readability - coloration and appearance of these illustrations may not perfectly resemble the original work.Image from page 671 of "Annual report of the Maine Agricultural Experiment Station" (1885-1953.)
48 out of 48 on Flickr